Shock Loading is applicable to:

Heavy plant & ground engaging equipment, fluid handling systems, mixing equipment, pile driving, oil & gas drilling operations, Petrochem processing plant, building structures (seismic shock), commercial vehicle suspension.

Causes include machinery start-stop cycles, external forces and earthquakes.

Shock loading, a sudden change in load due to acceleration or deceleration of components. A sudden change in the force applied to a bolted connection.